Computer Fundamental Syllabus

इस सेक्शन में कंप्यूटर फंडामेंटल के Syllabus के बारें में जानकारी देंगे। जिनके सभी महत्वपूर्ण टॉपिक को आगे हम कवर करेंगे। साथ ही Objective Question की भी जानकारी देंगे।

Unit 1

Introduction – Introduction, Limitations of computers, Fundamental uses of computers, Types of Computers, Generations of Computers. Personal Computer – Introduction, Components of personal computers, Evolution of PCs. Boolean Algebra and Logic Gates – Introduction, Boolean Algebra And Operator, OR Operator, NOT Operator, Basic Postulates of Boolean Algebra, Basic Logic Gates. Number System – Introduction, Digital and Analog Operations, Binary Data, Binary Number System, Decimal Number System, Octal Number System, Hexadecimal Number System, Coding System.

Unit 2

Data Representation and Binary Arithmeticc – Introduction, Bits, Nibbles, Bytes and Words, Data Representation, Coding system, Binary Arithmetic, Binary Addition, Binary Subtraction, Binary Multiplication, Binary Division. Input Devices -Introduction, Input Device, Output Devices – Introduction, Output Devices, Soft Copy Vs Hard Copy Output, Monitor, Printers, Plotter. Central Processing Unit – Introduction, What is Central Processing Unit, Arithmetic And Logic Unit, Control Unit, Registers, Instruction set, Processor Speed. Storage Devices – Introduction, Storage and its needs, Primary Storage, Secondary Storage.

Unit 3

Basics of Software- Introduction, What Does Software Stand For ?, Needs of software, Types of software, Open Source Software. Operating System – Introduction, Operating System, Why an Operating System, Functions of Operating System, the Booting Process, Types of Reboot. Disk Operating System – Introduction, What is DOS?, Functions of DOS, Versions of DOS, DOS Commands , Important Internal Commands of DOS, Important External Commands of dos, Executable Vs Non-Executable Files In Dos. Programming Languages – Introduction, Data, information And Knowledge, Characteristics of Information, What is a program?, What is a Programming language?, Programming approaches, Types of Programming Language.

Unit 4

Computer Virus – Introduction, Virus, History, Mechanism of virus, Types of Computer Virus, Related Concepts: Anti Virus Programs. Communication and IT – Introduction, Computer Network, Communication Process, Communication Types, Transmission Media, Wireless Media, Communication Channels/Media, Modem, Characteristics of a Modem, Types of Modem. Networks – Introduction, Internet Vs Intranet, Types of Network, Topology, Types of Connectivity, Network Devices.

Unit 5

Know the Windows Operating System – Introduction, What is Windows XP ?, Evolution of Windows Operating System, Features of Windows XP, What’s New in Windows XP, Windows and Its Elements, Accessories, Files and Folders. Microsoft Office Package – Introduction about MS Word ,MS Excel, MS PowerPoint.

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